Add Your Own Builtins

As discussed in the Node section, some service functionalities have ubiquitous demand making them suitable candidates to be directly deployed to a peer node. The Aqua distributed hash table (DHT) is an example of builtin service. The remainder of this tutorial guides you through the steps necessary to create and deploy a Builtin service.

In order to have a service available out-of-the-box with the necessary startup and scheduling scripts, we can take advantage of the Fluence deployer feature for Node native services. This feature handles the complete deployment process including

  • module uploads,

  • service deployment and

  • script initialization and scheduling

Note that the deployment process is a fully automated workflow requiring you to merely submit your service assets, i.e., Wasm modules and configuration scripts, in the appropriate format as a PR to the Fluence repository.

At this point you should have a solid grasp of creating service modules and their associated configuration files. See the Developing Modules And Services section for more details.

Our first step is fork the Fluence repo by clicking on the Fork button, upper right of the repo webpage, and follow the instructions to create a local copy. In your local repo copy, checkout a new branch with a new, unique branch name:

cd fluence
git checkout -b MyBranchName

In our new branch, we create a directory with the service name in the deploy/builtin directory:

cd deploy/builtins
mkdir my-new-super-service
cd new-super-service

Replace my-new-super-service with your service name.

Now we can build and populate the required directory structure with your service assets. You should put your service files in the corresponding my-new-super-service directory.


In order to deploy a builtin service, we need

  • the Wasm file for each module required for the service

  • the blueprint file for the service

  • the optional start and scheduling scripts


Blueprints capture the service name and dependencies:

// example_blueprint.json
"name": "my-new-super-service",
"dependencies": [


  • name specifies the service's name and

  • dependencies list the names of the Wasm modules or the Blake3 hash of the Wasm module

In the above example, my_module_i refers to ith module created when you compiled your service code

The easiest way to get the Blake3 hash of our Wasm modules is to install the b3sum utility:

cargo install b3sum
b3sum my_module_3.wasm

If you decide to use the hash approach, please use the hash for the config files names as well (see below).

Start Script

Start scripts, which are optional, execute once after service deployment or node restarts and are submitted as air files and may be accompanied by a json file containing the necessary parameters.

;; on_start.air
(call relay ("some_service_alias" "some_func1") [variable1] result)
(call relay ("some_service_alias" "some_func2") [variable2 result])

and the associated data file:

// on_start.json data for on_start.air
"variable1" : "some_string",
"variable2" : 5,

Scheduling Script

Scheduling scripts allow us to decouple service execution from the client and instead can rely on a cron-like scheduler running on a node to trigger our service(s). For a brief overview, see additional concepts‚Äč

Directory Structure

Now that we got our requirements covered, we can populate the directory structure we started to lay out at the beginning of this section. As mentioned above, service deployment as a builtin is an automated workflow one our PR is accepted. Hence, it is imperative to adhere to the directory structure below:

-- builtins
-- {service_alias}
-- scheduled
-- {script_name}_{interval_in_seconds}.air [optional]
-- blueprint.json
-- on_start.air [optional]
-- on_start.json [optional]
-- {module1_name}.wasm
-- {module1_name}_config.json
-- Hash(module2_name.wasm).wasm
-- Hash(module2_name.wasm)_config.json

For a complete example, please see the aqua-dht builtin:

-sqlite3.wasm # or 558a483b1c141b66765947cf6a674abe5af2bb5b86244dfca41e5f5eb2a86e9e.wasm
-sqlite3_config.json # or 558a483b1c141b66765947cf6a674abe5af2bb5b86244dfca41e5f5eb2a86e9e_config.json

which is based on the eponymous service project.